Since the beginning of 2020, the global economy has been facing challenges from the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Analysts emphasis the changes in the agricultural sector. The governments of different countries restrict the export of strategically important products. With changes in supply chains, there is an increasing risk of food shortages for import-dependent countries and lower incomes for countries with an export-oriented agrarian model. As for Russia, market participants have already faced an increase in production costs due to changes in the ruble exchange rate against the main currency of purchases.
At the same time, according to surveys, more than half of the participants in the global agricultural market, assessing the impact of the pandemic, are inclined to believe that its consequences will have less impact on the agricultural sector than climate change. Agricultural producers expect a negative effect on yields and a decrease in productivity in the livestock sector.
Thus, global agriculture needs solutions to weaken the impact of the pandemic in the short term and new technological solutions to improve opportunities in the face of climate instability.
Some producers are inclined to believe that in order to overcome these challenges, Hi-tech solutions are required, including technologies of "precision farming", yield assessments and others. In order to ensure a sufficient amount of products, many manufacturers also actively use new biotechnologies, fertilizers, pesticides, GMO technologies (in those countries where this is permitted). All these solutions are part of an R&D process aimed at increasing yields and food availability.
Another part of producers is focused on the use of environmentally friendly technologies in the production of agricultural products, since it corresponds to the principles of sustainable economy, allows to get healthier products without losing productivity and also contributes to solving social problems.
Within the framework of the panel discussion, we will discuss what points of contact could be found between these two approaches, and how they can be used in solving the current problems.
Is there a fundamental contradiction between the development of high technologies in agricultural production and organic (ecological, biological) agriculture, are these two approaches far from each other today? What are the main technological trends in agriculture in the world? How will industry regulation change? Is the future of agriculture high-tech or green?