In 2020 most countries, facing a new threat - the COVID-19 pandemic, introduced restrictions aimed at reducing the spread of the virus and reducing the number of victims of the epidemic among the population.
As a result of the restrictions introduced to curb the spread of the disease, the economies of countries experienced first a shock of demand, and then a shock of supply. To relieve these shocks, the countries developed and implemented measures unprecedented in volume and content in order to compensate the decline in household incomes and GDP of countries, while at the same time fulfilling the tasks of stabilizing both the financial and budget systems.
Today the population and business are actively restructuring their behavior, trying to adapt to the new rules in the context of social distance, remote work, the development of distance forms of production and the provision of services.
But realizing that the threat of the next waves of the COVID-19 pandemic remains, representatives of states, business and the expert community continue to work not only on developing a vaccine against the virus, but also are looking for ways to strengthen immunity to such shocks in the future, both at the global level and at the level of a country, industry or a company.
What are the scenarios for the recovery of the global economy and countries? What recommendations for restoring growth can be given to developed, developing and commodity countries? Is it possible to take measures to strengthen the immune system of the world economy and the economies of countries?